COALITION AGAINST MILLSTONE
us : 203-938-3952
PROPOSES MILLSTONE WATER TAX FOR POLLUTING AND HEATING
OF LONG ISLAND SOUND
Contact: Nancy Burton Tel. 203-938-3952 NancyBurtonCT@aol.com
Dominion’s Millstone Nuclear Power Station in
Waterford sucks in 1.3 million gallons of water per
minute from the Long Island Sound to cool its nuclear
reactors. That’s 6.8 trillion gallons per year.
The water is discharged to the Sound laced with traces
of toxic and radioactive waste byproducts –
and it’s hot. Millstone operations continuously
spew out a thermal plume, estimated at 15 billion
BTUs of heat every hour.
Today the Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone
proposed the state impose an annual $336 million water
tax on Millstone for its use, pollution and degradation
of the public waters of the state – the Long
“For 43 years, since Millstone 1 went online
in 1970, Millstone’s owners and operators have
enjoyed a free ride, treating our public waters like
a personal toxic waste lagoon,” said Nancy Burton,
the Coalition’s director. “It’s
time for the public to demand Dominion assume financial
responsibility for its pollution and heating of our
precious natural resource.”
The Coalition calculated that if Millstone had to
purchase the water it uses for cooling from a private
water utility, such as Connecticut Water Company,
which charges its customers $4.93 per 1,000 gallons
of water usage, it would be liable for $3.369 trillion
annually. Over the 43 years of plant operations, that
would amount to $144.9 trillion.
“We call on the state to impose a fair, just
and equitable water tax of $336 million annually,”
Millstone could avoid a water tax by converting to
a closed cooling system, Burton said. A 1993 study
by Northeast Utilities, Millstone’s prior owner,
found that a closed cooling system, which would recirculate
water from an onsite pool, was prudent, feasible and
environmentally far less destructive than the once-through
system now in use.
YANKEE CLOSING! MILLSTONE WILL FOLLOW!
closing Vermont Yankee in 2014, promises safe decommissioning
found dead at Millstone nuclear plant Norwich
Bulletin Posted: 08/23/2013 10:24 AM
Is Dominion Shortchanging Connecticut?
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has notified
Dominion that its Certification of Financial Compliance
for Millstone does not meet federal requirements for
certifying it has adequate funding arrangements to
decommission its onsite nuclear waste storage when
the time comes to do so.
All nuclear power plants are required to provide details
to the NRC that establish they have sufficient funds
or other financial assurances to cover the costs of
decommissioning their ISFSIs (Independent Spent Fuel
In a letter to Dominion dated July 18, 2013, the NRC
detailed the deficiencies of Dominion’s December
17, 2012 filing.
It appears from the NRC document that Dominion may
have evaded the requirements of the law by claiming
funds already set aside for decommissioning Millstone’s
three nuclear reactors would also cover ISFSI decommissioning
“[T]he funds necessary to satisfy the . . .
reactor decommissioning financial assurance requirements
do not include costs for ISFSI decommissioning,”
The NRC letter stated.
Decommissioning the ISFSI will require the removal
and transfer of thousands of tons of high-level spent
nuclear fuel from the plant’s Waterford CT site
and the removal of all radioactive residue which may
be left behind.
In the event Dominion lacks sufficient funding to
decommission the ISFSI, the financial burden would
fall to taxpayers.
to Amend the Atomic Energy Act of 1954
The Dark Nuclear Lesson of Entergy v. Shumlin
on CounterPunch AUGUST 21, 2013 by NANCY BURTON
Proposes Amending Federal Law to
Empower States to Shutter Nuclear Power Plants
a Blind Eye Toward Radioactive Milk: Gina McCarthy
and Katie the Goat"
Counterpunch.org/August 12, 2013
to Katie the Goat
August 12, 2013
Immediate Release August 15, 2013
Contact: Nancy Burton 203-938-3952/NancyBurtonCT@aol.com
The Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone launched
a national drive today to persuade Congress to amend
the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 to provide states with
authority to permanently shut nuclear power plants
for reasons of public health and safety by inserting
the following language in the Act:
“Nothing herein [Atomic Energy Act of 1954,
42 U.S.C. §2011 et seq.] shall prohibit a state
from ordering permanent cessation of a nuclear power
plant operations within its boundaries for reasons
of public health and safety.”
The Coalition’s drive was announced a day after
the decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the
Second Circuit on August 14, 2013 holding that the
state of Vermont had no authority to shut down the
Vermont Yankee nuclear reactor because that power
vests alone in the federal government.
“Federal nuclear regulators are far removed
from the concerns of all the communities in America
living in the shadow of nuclear power plants who are
fed up with the nuclear industry’s lies, chronic
malfunctions, radiation and toxic chemical releases,
thermal plumes, not to mention spent fuel build-up,
with no real say,” Burton said.
The initiative honors the legacy of Katie the Goat,
who served as a radiation monitor near the Millstone
Nuclear Power Station in Waterford. Her milk was regularly
sampled by Millstone and was found to have high levels
of strontium-90 and other radioisotopes. Katie passed
away from cancer a year ago this month.
3 in Emergency Shutdown - Millstone Unit 3 entered
its fifth day of emergency shutdown after an equipment
malfunction caused a loss of coolant to the steam
generator. No additional information is available
at this time. Posted: August 13, 2013
Radiation Stack Monitor at Millstone Yet Keeps Operating:
Public Left Suspended in Unsafe State
On August 12, 2013, Dominion reported to the NRC the
“loss of accident assessment capability due
to planned maintenance” on the same plant stack
radiation monitor that was inoperable for an undetermined
period in April.
Dominion told the NRC:
“The licensee [Dominion] will be removing the
station stack monitor RM-8169, from service for planned
maintenance. This constitutes a loss of assessment
capability under 10CFR50.72(b)(3)(xiii).”
In an inspection report of the April event it issued
on August 6, 2013, the NRC cited Dominion for violating
federal regulations when it withheld knowledge that
the stack was inoperable due to malfunctioning equipment.
The NRC warned that there are “no compensatory
measures to mitigate the degradation or loss of emergency
response function if the monitor is inoperable”
as the stack monitor system is the sole criterion
for assessment of accident conditions releasing high
or “unusual” releases of radiation.
In the NRC’s own words, inoperability of the
stack monitor is a “major loss of emergency
Imagine yourself in a 747 approaching a landing in
a congested area with the pilot deliberately disabling
the instrumentation that informs him of altitude,
bearings, speed and the state of the landing gear
for the purpose of conducting routine maintenance.
The FAA would prohibit flight while deliberately de-activating
navigation systems and the FAA would end that pilot’s
In the interests of public health and safety, the
deliberate disabling of the emergency radiation assessment
system makes it necessary for Dominion to shut down
Millstone until the NRC can conclude that the emergency
radiation monitoring capability is restored.
Keeps a Big Bad Secret: Millstone’s Main Radiation
Monitor Broke Down
Dominion’s proper operation of Millstone’s
tall, red-and-white radiation stack – a landmark
for boaters and aviators alike – is its pledge to
the community that it is protecting families from high
doses of radiation. (Millstone’s nuclear reactors
are designed to continuously release lower doses of radiation
to the air and water and they do.)
If the stack monitor is not operating
properly, it presents “a major loss of emergency
[radiation monitoring] capabilities,” in NRC jargon.
That means the company doesn’t know the levels of
radioisotopes – strontium-90, strontium-89, cesirum-134,
cesium-137, Iodine-131 and 100 other radioactive carcinogens
- it’s dispersing to its populated surroundings.
We are now learning that back
in April, for an undisclosed period of time, Millstone’s
main stack monitor was broken down and inoperative. It
was generating no data on airborne radiation releases
to the environment.
Though this fact was known or knowable
to Millstone operators, they withheld the information
from the NRC and the public. NRC regulations require a
nuclear power plant operator to notify the NRC within
8 hours of a major loss of radiation monitoring capability.
While operators were conducting
a routine surveillance of the stack monitor on April 16,
2013, they discovered a bypass pump was not running. The
pump is critical to the operation of the monitoring system.
They knew the air monitoring system was inoperative.
An NRC report dated August 6,
2013, citing Dominion for violating federal regulations
by withholding the information, does not identify what
period of time Millstone was without a working stack radiation
monitoring system prior to the routine surveillance.
The NRC first became aware of the condition on April 18,
when an NRC inspector questioned control room operators
about the operability of the stack monitor. It was only
then that Dominion reported the failure formally.
The failure of the stack monitoring
system was serious because it is the only source of information
Dominion uses to assess Unit 2’s radiation releases
to determine whether to declare a general emergency or
other emergency alarms.
“There are no compensatory measures to mitigate
the degradation or loss of emergency response function
if the monitor is inoperable,” the NRC report states.
We are asking the NRC to inform
us as to whether Unit 2 operators receive real-time data
from the stack monitor in the control room and whether
they can determine from such data when the system went
inoperable. We are also asking for any available data
on actual radiation releases during the period of the
air monitoring breakdown.
What we do know is that Dominion
deliberately and illegally kept the region in the dark
for two days about its stack releases; if there were emergency
or even “unusual” levels being released, alarms
that should have issued weren’t.
Dominion engaged in an ultimate
deceit: for two days or more, its pledge to the region
that it can properly operate its radiation stack was a
The NRC, which possesses formidable enforcement powers,
imposed no enforcement again Dominion for this egregious
Return here for a follow-up report.
Dramatically Weakens Radiation Protection
For Immediate Release
Contacts: Dan Hirsch Committee to Bridge the Gap
831 336 8003
Diane D’Arrigo Nuclear Information and Resource
Service 301 270 6477 x 15
April 15, 2013 The U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) is publishing in the Federal Register
today controversial new Protective Action Guides
(PAGs) for responding to radioactive releases. EPA
says it solicits public comment but is nonetheless
making the PAGs immediately effective.
The new PAGs eliminate requirements to evacuate
people in the face of high projected thyroid, skin,
or lifetime whole body doses; recommend dumping
radioactive waste in municipal garbage dumps not
designed for such waste; propose five options for
drinking water, which would dramatically increase
the permitted concentrations of radioactivity in
drinking water, by as much as 27,000 times, compared
to EPA’s current Safe Drinking Water Act limits;
and suggest markedly relaxing long-term cleanup
“In essence the government is now saying nuclear
power accidents could produce such widespread contamination
and produce such high radiation levels that the
government should abandon efforts to clean it up
and instead force people to live with radiation-induced
cancer risks orders of magnitude higher than ever
considered acceptable,” said Daniel Hirsch,
president of Committee to Bridge the Gap.
The PAGs are intended to guide the response to nuclear
power reactor accidents (like Fukushima in Japan,
Chernobyl in Ukraine and Three Mile Island in the
U.S.), “dirty bomb” explosions, radioactive
releases from nuclear fuel and weapons facilities,
and nuclear transportation accidents.
“EPA ignores the fact that women and kids
are at even greater risk from radiation. The doses
permitted by the 2013 EPA PAGs will allow indecent
exposures to radiation,” says Diane D’Arrigo
of Nuclear Information and Resource Service. “Women
are 50% more vulnerable than men and children are
at even greater risk from radiation than adults,
according to data from the National Academy of Sciences.”
Extremely high food contamination levels would be
allowed by the incorporation of Food and Drug Administration
1998 guidance. EPA officials had previously criticized
those standards, saying that 1 in 50 people eating
food at those levels would get cancer from their
exposure, on top of our normal cancer risk.
The PAGs also incorporate and expand controversial
Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS) PAGs adopted in
2008 which would allow long-term doses as high as
thousands of millirems per year without cleanup
being required. Associated guidance for carrying
out the long-term cleanup, prepared for DHS and
for which the comment period expires today, recommends
abandoning EPA’s long-held cleanup standards
and instead allowing people to be exposed to doses
as high as the equivalent of three chest X rays
a day for one’s entire life. Over 70 years,
EPA estimates 1 in 6 people would get cancer from
exposure that high, orders of magnitude higher risk
than EPA has historically said is acceptable.
In addition, EPA admits that a nuclear power accident
could far exceed the capacity of radioactive waste
sites to manage waste generated from cleanups and
therefore suggests allowing the waste to go to regular
trash dumps, a fight the public has waged for decades
in the US.
for more information: www.committeetobridgethegap.org
TIME TO INVESTIGATE GINA McCARTHY
Two Years On:
Radiation Effects Widely Seen in Children
is already harming our children
have now been confirmed among tens of thousands of children
downwind from Fukushima. They are the first clear sign
of an unfolding radioactive tragedy that demands this
industry be buried forever.
Two years after Fukushima exploded, three still-smoldering
reactors remind us that the nuclear power industry repeatedly
told the world this could never happen.
And 72 years after the nuclear weapons industry began
creating them, untold quantities of deadly wastes still
leak at Hanford and at commercial reactor sites around
the world, with no solution in sight.
can be slow to cause cancer, taking decades to kill.
But children can suffer quickly. Their cells grow faster
than adults'. Their smaller bodies are more vulnerable.
With the embryo and fetus, there can never be a "safe"
dose of radiation. NO dose of radiation is too small
to have a human impact.
the Fukushima Prefecture Health Management Survey acknowledged
a horrifying plague of thyroid abnormalities, thus far
afflicting more than forty percent of the children studied.
sample was 94,975. So some 38,000 children are already
cursed with likely health problems...that we know of.
abnormality can severely impact a wide range of developmental
realities, including physical and mental growth. Cancer
is a likely outcome.
This is the tenth such study conducted by the prefecture.
As would be expected downwind from a disaster like Fukushima,
the spread of abnormalities has been increasing over
time. So has the proportion of children with nodules
that are equal to or larger than 5.1 mm. The number
of cysts has also been increasing.
And the government has revealed that three cases of
thyroid cancer have already been diagnosed in the area.
All have been subjected to surgery.
airborne fallout came to our west coast within a week
of the catastrophe. It's a virtual certainty American
children are being affected. As health researcher Joe
Mangano puts it: "Reports of rising numbers of
West Coast infants with under-active thyroid glands
after Fukushima suggest that Americans may have been
harmed by Fukushima fallout. Studies, especially of
the youngest, must proceed immediately."
of gallons of unmonitored liquid poisons have poured
into the Pacific. Contaminated trash has carried across
the ocean (yet the US has ceased monitoring wild-caught
Pacific fish for radiation).
atomic energy is in rapid decline for obvious economic
reasons. In Germany and elsewhere, Solartopian technologies---wind,
solar, bio-fuels, efficiency---are outstripping nukes
and fossil fuels in price, speed to install, job creation,
environmental impact, reliability and safety.
No one has
yet measured the global warming impacts of the massive
explosions and heat releases at Fukushima (or at Chernobyl,
where the human death toll has been estimated in excess
of a million).
fuel cycle---from mining to milling to enrichment to
transportation to waste management---creates substantial
greenhouse gases. The reactors themselves convert ore
to gargantuan quantities of heat that warm the planet
directly, wrecking our weather patterns in ways that
have never been fully assessed.
Even in the
shadow of Fukushima, the industry peddles a "new
generation" of magical reactors to somehow avoid
all previous disasters. Though they don't yet exist,
they will be "too cheap to meter," will "never
explode" and will generate "radiation that
is good for you."
energy is human history's most expensive technological
failure, defined by what seems to be a terminal reverse
learning curve. After more than a half-century to get
it right, the industry has most recently poked holes
in the head of a reactor in Florida, and installed $700
million steam generators it knew to be faulty in two
more in California. It now wants to open San Onofre
Unit Two at a 70% level, essentially to see what happens.
Some 8 million people live within a 50-mile radius.
an increasingly dangerous industry that has brought
us four "impossible" explosions---one at Chernobyl,
three at Fukushima---clearly with more yet to come.
Its radiation has spewed for decades. Its wastes have
no place on this planet.
The ultimate death toll among Fukushima's victims may
be inescapable. But the industry that's harming them
children bring us yet another tragic warning: There's
just one atomic reactor from which our energy can safely
Two years after Fukushima, it is still 93 million miles
away---but more ready than ever to safely, cleanly and
cheaply power our planet.
Harvey Wasserman's SOLARTOPIA! OUR GREEN-POWERED EARTH
is at www.harveywasserman.com. With Norman Solomon,
Robert Alvarez & Eleanor Walters, he is co-author
of KILLING OUR OWN: THE DISASTER OF AMERICA'S EXPERIENCE
WITH ATOMIC RADIATION, available free on the internet.
He will speak 3/24 at 2pm in Santa Monica on shutting
San Onofre (email@example.com).
TIME TO INVESTIGATE GINA McCARTHY
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE MARCH 11, 2013
Contact: Nancy Burton, NancyBurtonCT@aol.com
Gina McCarthy’s release of only four emails concerning
the Fukushima nuclear disaster in response to a Freedom
of Information request – two on March 11, 2011,
when it began and two a day later, both heavily redacted
– raise grounds for her investigation, not nomination,
a Connecticut anti-nuclear organization said today.
On March 4, 2013, President Obama nominated McCarthy,
who has served as head of EPA’s Office of Air and
Radiation since 2009, to become head of EPA. She has yet
to undergo a Senate confirmation hearing.
“Gina McCarthy’s handling of the Fukushima
crisis as EPA’s chief of radiation protection demonstrates
she is not qualified for that position,” said Nancy
Burton, director of the Connecticut Coalition Against
EPA’s own Inspector General issued a scathing report
which found that McCarthy’s management of the nation’s
air monitoring network was seriously deficient and many
stations inoperable in the immediate aftermath of the
triple nuclear meltdown at Fukushima commencing two years
ago today. (See “Weaknesses in EPA’s Management
of the Radiation Network System Demand Attention,”
The limited air monitoring system detected Fukushima fallout
in the U.S., particularly in Hawaii, Alaska and the West
Coast but extending across the nation to Vermont and Connecticut.
Fukushima fallout was detected in milk in Vermont and
rainwater in Hartford, Connecticut.
Burton filed a Freedom of Information request on June
12, 2012 seeking all of McCarthy’s emails and correspondence
concerning radiation released by the Fukushima nuclear
In response, McCarthy released only 5 emails – 2
dated March 11, 2011 and 3 dated March 12, 2011.
In 4 of the emails, she redacted the name of the recipient.
In a March 12, 2012 email, McCarthy misspelled “Chernobyl.”
Referring to the 1986 nuclear disaster in Ukraine, she
spelled it “Chernoble.”
None of the emails released by McCarthy contained substantive
On December 27, 2012, Burton appealed from McCarthy’s
disclosure to the EPA’s FOIA and Privacy Branch.
No action has yet been taken on the appeal.
“McCarthy’s record of failing to provide even
a minimal level of radiation monitoring during the Fukushima
crisis – one of her primary responsibilities as
EPA’s head of Air and Radiation – is more
than deeply troubling,” Burton said.
“McCarthy’s obvious failure to provide full
disclosure under the FOI Act reinforces concerns about
her commitment to protect the American public from radiation
exposure and detection,” Burton said.
“On this second anniversary of Fukushima, we call
upon Congress to fully investigate McCarthy’s record
on radiation protection,” Burton said.
program problem may haunt Obama's potential EPA choice - Connecticut
Investigate- Not Nominate
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE January 1, 2013 Contact: Nancy
Gina McCarthy is being talked about as a possible successor to
Lisa Jackson, who announced her intention to resign as U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency administrator on December 27, 2012. (See The
Wall Street Journal, “The Next Lisa Jackson,”
Jackson will exit the post in January.
But President Obama should investigate McCarthy, not nominate
her, according to the Mothers Milk Project.
“McCarthy’s record on protecting the public from known
radiation hazards, from goat’s milk to Fukushima, is scandalous,”
said Burton, co-director of the Mothers Milk Project, a grassroots
organization that collects human, goat and cow’s milk and
has it analyzed for levels of radioactivity.
“Further, her recent failure to fully disclose emails under
a Freedom of Information request demands Congressional investigation,”
McCarthy served as chief of Connecticut’s Department of
Environmental Protection before Obama tapped her in 2009 to become
EPA’s Assistant Administrator for Air and Radiation.
As Commissioner of Connecticut’s DEP, McCarthy defaulted
on her legal responsibility to the public in favor of Millstone,
the state’s sole operating nuclear power plant, located
near the Rhode Island border in Waterford, Burton said.
“She allowed Millstone to operate for years on an expired
Clean Water Act permit, allowing Millstone to flout the federal
law with routine emergency authorizations that allowed unregulated
releases of a thermal plume laced with chemicals and radioisotopes
onto public beaches and the Long Island Sound,” Burton said.
“Millstone’s illegal releases decimated an indigenous
population of fish - the Niantic River winter flounder - when
larvae were sucked into Millstone’s mammoth water intake
structures,” Burton said.
“McCarthy had the power to uphold the public trust by stopping
the illegal releases and saving the fish from extinction, but
she abused her power to prop up Millstone, the worst predator
of fish in the Northeast,” Burton said.
Burton said McCarthy was also behind a blatant whitewash of data
that linked Millstone’s routine venting of radioactive gases
to high levels of radioactivity found in local goat milk.
Beginning in 2004, Burton called attention to high levels of strontium-90
in milk samples collected from a goat named Katie (“Katie
the Goat”) who grazed in a pasture located five miles northeast
High concentrations of strontium-90, strontium-89 and cesium-137
in Katie’s milk were reported by Millstone’s owner,
Dominion Nuclear Connecticut, Inc., whose technicians collected
Katie’s milk as part of its environmental radiation monitoring
program. Dominion reported the results to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory
Commission and Connecticut’s DEP. Katie died on August 12,
2012 after being diagnosed with cancer. See www.KatieTheGoat.org.
In 2006, Burton transported Katie and two of her kids to the state
capital in Hartford for a press conference to demand the Governor
investigate why her milk was heavily contaminated with radiation.
Weeks later, McCarthy, as the state’s highest environmental
regulator, released a report absolving Millstone from any role
in the high radioactivity levels found in Katie’s milk.
“The report was a poster child for junk science,”
Burton said, noting that two experts in radiation came forward
to debunk the report. “McCarthy’s report absolved
Millstone without identifying any other plausible culprit for
Strontium-90, strontium-89 and cesium-137 exposures are all associated
with serious health effects, including bone and breast cancer,
leukemia and diseases of the immune system, Burton said.
McCarthy made a $1,000 donation to the Obama presidential campaign
in 2008 (See http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/regina-mccarthy/gIQAgb7JAP_topic.html.)
On March 20, 2009, newly elected President Obama nominated McCarthy
to serve as the federal government’s top protector of the
public from radiation, heading the Office of Air and Radiation
as EPA in the post of EPA’s Assistant Administrator.
That position put McCarthy at the pinnacle of protecting the American
public from poisonous fallout from the March 11, 211 Fukushima
nuclear disaster. (See EPA website: “Congress designated
EPA as the primary federal agency charged with protecting people
and the environment from harmful and avoidable exposure to radiation.
EPA responds to emergencies, assists in homeland security, assesses
radiation risks, sets protective limits on emissions and informs
people about radiation and radiation hazards.” http://www.epa.gov/aboutepa/oar.html;
McCarthy’s Office of Air and Radiation operates a network
of radiation monitors across the nation, a system tested as three
of the Fukushima reactors exploded with core meltdowns, releasing
vast quantities of radiation into the air and Pacific Ocean.
The EPA radiation monitoring effort was a debacle.
At the outset of the Fukushima nuclear emergency, one out of five
monitors was inoperable, according to a scathing, but little-reported-on,
audit issued on April 19, 2012 by EPA’s own Inspector General,
whose hand was forced to investigate by leaders of national safe
energy organizations appalled by deficiencies in EPA’s monitoring.
(See “Weaknesses in EPA’s Management of the Radiation
Network System Demand Attention,”
The report is addressed to “Gina McCarthy, Assistant Administrator
for Air and Radiation.”
The IG report found 25 of EPA’s 124 stationary monitors
were either broken or disabled due to “relaxed quality controls,”
taking them out of service for an average of 130 days –
four months – at the beginning of the Fukushima emergency.
The so-called “RadNet” system, consisting of 124 stationary
monitors distributed across the United States and 40 mobile monitors,
is designed to continuously sample the air for traces of radioactivity
and report the data to EPA headquarters, alerting officials to
The monitors also serve as collecting stations for precipitation,
drinking water and milk samples. The RadNet system has been identified
by EPA as “critical infrastructure” for homeland security
under the Patriot Act, according to Forbes Magazine. (See http://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2012/04/27/inspector-general-faults-epa-radiation-monitoring/.)
EPA’s Inspector General bluntly placed responsibility for
the gross deficiencies in the air monitoring system with McCarthy.
“We recommend that the Assistant Administrator for Air and
Radiation establish and enforce expectations for RadNet operations
readiness,” the report states.
“EPA’s RadNet program will remain vulnerable until
it is managed with the urgency and priority that the Agency reports
it to have to its mission,” the report stated.
“If RadNet is not managed as a high-priority program, EPA
may not have the needed data before, during and after a critical
event such as the Japan nuclear incident,” the IG warned.
“Such data are crucial to determine levels of airborne radioactivity
that may negatively affect public health and the environment.”
McCarthy’s gross failure to adequately manage the nation’s
radiation air monitoring network is not surprising in light of
her permissive record toward Millstone..
McCarthy’s name was put before President Obama as a candidate
by Connecticut Senator Joe Lieberman and then-Senator Chris Dodd,
both unapologetic fans of the nuclear industry. Neither used the
word “radiation” in his letter of endorsement. (See
During the course of McCarthy’s Senate Committee hearing
on her nomination to serve as chief of EPA’s Office of Air
and Radiation on April 2, 2009, the word “radiation”
was never uttered other than to identify the office she sought.
Ironically, on the very morning of the confirmation hearing before
the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, McCarthy dispatched
two Connecticut DEP attorneys to file motions in the Connecticut
Superior Court to block environmentalists’ emergency applications
to shut Millstone’s two operating reactors during the annual
peak of the Niantic River winter flounder migration during the
month of April to spare them from extinction, according to Burton,
who brought the suit.
Burton contends that McCarthy’s recent response to an FOIA
request she submitted on June 13, 2012, seeking all of McCarthy’s
emails which concern Fukushima radiation, warrants Congressional
McCarthy responded to Burton’s FOIA request by releasing
only four emails. Each deletes the name of an addressee and one
deletes a portion of the content. In one, dated March 12, 2012,
the name of the single addressee is redacted and McCarthy misspells
“Chernobyl” as “Chernoble.” (“I
spoke with Lee [last name not given] and she has it all together.
She indicated that at this point there doesn’t seem to be
a significant release and she reminded me that the US did not
have to take any protective action with Chernoble – even
though that was a much more extreme situation. . . .”)
“It simply strains credulity to believe that in the whole
course of the 20-month, ongoing Fukushima disaster Gina McCarthy,
as head of EPA’s Office of Air and Radiation with responsibility
for the EPA’s national network of continuous air monitors,
issued only four emails concerning the Fukushima radiation and
none of them after March 12, 2011,” Burton stated.
On December 27, 2012, Burton appealed to the EPA’s FOIA
office, challenging the completeness of the FOIA disclosure, the
withholding of an unidentified document and redactions.
Burton also filed an additional FOIA request, seeking all emails
concerning Fukushima radiation which may have been generated by
McCarthy using an alias email address other than her official
It came to light shortly before Lisa Jackson announced her resignation
as EPA Administrator that she had created an “alias”
email address other than her official email address by which she
generated more than 12,000 emails in her official capacity. (See
EPA’s Inspector General has opened an internal investigation
into the agency’s electronic records management.
"Scientist, and Planet Earth's Lifeguard"
"He found his political voice when he encountered the indifference
of government authorities to the high levels of strontium 90 in
the atmosphere from atomic tests. Quite simply, he said in an
interview with The Chicago Tribune in 1993, 'The Atomic Energy
Commission turned me into an environmentalist.'"
Dr. Commoner initiated the original Baby Tooth Project to document
the global effects of radioactive fallout, documenting concentrations
of strontium 90 in thousands of human baby teeth. His work contributed
significantly to the adoption of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of
We remember and honor this brilliant public health pioneer dedicated
to protection of the planet and all its life.
Recognized and Remembered at U.S. Capitol Rally
Katie the Goat was recognized and remembered at a nationally-sponsored
rally to end nuclear power and nuclear weapons at the
U.S. Capitol on September 20, 2012.
Nancy Burton, Katie’s caretaker, addressed the rally
of C.A.N. (Coalition Against Nukes), telling national
anti-nuclear leaders and grassroots activists gathered
from across the country about Katie’s radiation
monitoring near the Millstone and Indian Point nuclear
Burton called on the NRC to require nuclear power plant
operators to allow the public to access real-time control
room data of reactor radioactive emissions to the air
Other speakers included Jim Riccio, nuclear policy analyst
for Greenpeace, Diane D’Arrigo, of Nuclear Information
and Resource Service, Fukushima native Iori Mochizuki,
Kendra Ulrich of Friends of the Earth, Robert Tohe of
the Sierra Club, Kristin Iverson, author of Full Body
Burden, and many others.
The rally kicked off a major three-day event including
a Congressional briefing on defective nuclear power plants
led by Congressman Dennis Kucinich, and an “Occupy
the NRC” protest at the headquarters of the U.S.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
the Goat, Radiation Monitor and Anti-Nuke Symbol, Succumbs to
THE GOAT – NUCLEAR WHISTLEBLOWER SUCCUMBS TO CANCER
Katie the Goat, whose milk contained high levels of radioactivity
when she lived near the Millstone Nuclear Power Plant in Connecticut
and who was stricken with inoperable cancer, died on Sunday, August
12, 2012, at her Redding, Connecticut home.
Katie became a news media celebrity, participating in events that
took her from the State Capitol in Hartford in 2006 to the White
House on March 11, 2012, the first anniversary of the Fukushima
triple nuclear meltdown.
First Lady Michelle Obama pronounced Katie’s invitation
to donate a granddaughter to the First Family to serve as a White
House pet as well as radiation monitor “a fantastic idea.”
With a concentration of 55 picoCuries/liter in 2001, it is believed
that Katie’s milk contained the highest level of strontium-90
ever detected in milk in the state of Connecticut, perhaps the
nation. That number was twice the highest concentration recorded
in milk sampled in Connecticut during the peak of atmospheric
nuclear weapons testing in the 1960s.
Most samples of Katie’s milk, taken when she lived five
miles northeast of Millstone in Waterford, Connecticut, from the
late 1990s until 2003, had elevated levels of strontium-90, as
well as strontium-89 and cesium-137. All are potent carcinogens.
Katie became a news media celebrity when she first ventured to
the State Capitol in 2006 after anti-nuclear activists became
aware of the high concentrations of radioisotopes in her milk,
as reported by Millstone’s owner, Dominion Nuclear Connecticut,
Inc. Dominion had assured Katie’s owner that her milk was
safe to drink and its environmental reports containing the milk
measurements had not been publicized.
There is no federal or state standard for strontium-89 or strontium-90
levels in milk nor do federal regulations limit the volume of
strontium-89 and strontium-90 that nuclear power plants may release
to the environment, according to Nancy Burton, co-director of
the Mothers Milk Project, which collects milk from dairy cows
and goats as well as humans and has it tested for levels of radioactivity.
Katie, a white nanny goat of Saanen and Nubian descent, was believed
to be in her late teens.
Katie’s 2006 press conference on the lawn of the State Capitol
forced then-Governor M. Jodi Rell to direct the state Department
of Environmental Protection to investigate the cause of high concentrations
of strontium-90 in Katie’s milk.
DEP Commissioner Gina McCarthy released a report absolving Millstone
from any role in the milk poisoning but failed to provide a credible
alternative explanation, Burton said.
“Two qualified scientists studied the DEP report and rebuked
it as junk science,” Burton said. Both experts tried to
meet with the DEP authors of the study to correct what they perceived
to be gross errors, but to no avail.
(McCarthy now serves as President Obama’s appointee as the
federal Environmental Protection Agency’s assistant secretary
for air and radiation, where her responsibilities include protecting
the public from radiation hazards.)
‘ Katie’s milk was tested once she moved to Redding,
which is located about 25 miles downwind from the Indian Point
Nuclear Power Station in Buchanan NY. Frequently, radioactive
strontium was detected in her milk far above national averages.
Katie became a familiar presence at anti-Millstone rallies near
Millstone and elsewhere around the state. She appeared next to
Ralph Nader, longtime anti-nuclear advocate, in Willimantic. She
offered up a sample of her milk at a “Clean Beaches”
rally in East Lyme where activists gathered to protest Millstone
waste discharges to Niantic Bay, a popular recreational site for
swimmers. She wore a “Got Strontium?” sign at a rally
supporting a Millstone whistleblower who was fired after reporting
to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission that Dominion routinely
deliberately deactivated its perimeter security system.
Katie was diagnosed with inoperable soft tissue sarcoma in her
left shoulder in February 2012. The medical condition is associated
with radiation exposure, Burton said.
A Farewell Tour was planned.
Katie returned to the State Capitol for a press conference. Though
invited, Governor Dannel Malloy refused to meet Katie and his
office issued a statement that he would not meet her in the future..
Katie’s keeper, Burton, communicated with the First Family,
asking it to adopt one of Katie’s granddaughters to serve
as a White House pet as well as an onsite radiation monitor.
Through her press office, First Lady Michelle Obama replied:
“Dear Ms. Burton,
Thank you for your interest in the First Family. Your offer is
extremely generous and seems like a fantastic opportunity, it
is truly appreciated. Unfortunately, we are unable to satisfy
your request. We apologize that we could not be more helpful.
Again thank you so much for such a kind gesture. We wish you well
in the future.”
Undeterred, Katie and 3-month-old Dana Blue-Eyes headed to Washington
DC and strolled in front of 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue on March
11, attracting attention to issues of nuclear power hazards.
Foiled by Its Own Hot Water: Unit 2 Shuts Because of Overheated
Long Island Sound
1970, the Millstone N uclear Power Station has continuously pumped
a hot water plume of
billions of gallons of water per day into the Long Island Sound
through its once-through cooling system.
For the past decade, the Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone
has advocated for Millstone's conversion to a closed cooling system
which would not release hot water - laced with radioactive waste
products and toxic chemicals - into the Long Island Sound but
instead cool the reactor from an onsite pool of continuously circulating
Dominion and its ally in government, the Connecticut Department
of Environmental Protection, have resisted this common-sense,
environmentally-protective alternative. Ironically, a 1993 study
by Northeast Utilities pronounced such a conversion feasible,
and DEP excluded that report from evidence in recent licensing
On Sunday, August 12, 2012, Dominion had to shut down Unit 2 and
suffer the economic stresses of losing $1 million or more a day
in lost profits because a license condition prevented it from
operating when the temperature at the intakes exceeds 75 degrees,
as it did then. In issuing the Unit 2 license, the NRC had determined
that the Unit 2 reactor cannot be safely cooled by water exceeding
The prospect is that Unit 2 will remain shut down for weeks, as
the Long Island Sound temperature in that vicinity historically
peaks in late August. With Sunday's shutdown, the region experienced
above-"routine" releases of radioactivity to the air
and water because the reactor is designed to vent and purge during
Millstone 3 is on the edge and may be forced to shut down soon
for a long period as well because of the rising temperature of
the Long Island Sound.
These shutdowns could have been avoided if Dominion had converted
the nuclear facility to a closed cooling system, as it was ordered
to do in neighboring Rhode Island at Brayton Point by the U.S.
As temperatures were rising in July, Dominion squirmed. The Virginia-based
company, anticipating such a showdown later in the summer, applied
to the NRC for an emergency amendment which would allow it to
operate Unit 2 even if the temperature exceeded 75 degrees. Dominion's
engineers played with their numbers and asked if they could sample
water from three locations and calculate the average, which would
likely be lower. Consistent with its rubber-stamping pattern,
the NRC approved the emergency amendment.
The emergency amendment was of no avail on Sunday, however, because
even with the new averaging, the temperature was too hot to risk
running Unit 2 at full power.
To obtain the license amendment, Dominion had to represent in
good faith and candor that it was not responsible for the circumstances
and that the circumstances were unavoidable in order to establish
an "emergency.". If Dominion could not make such an
honest representation, the NRC would have been legally compelled
to order Dominion to shut Unit 2. If Dominion wanted to pursue
the amendment on a non-emergency basis, it would have to risk
a public hearing and public scrutiny.
Here's where it helped Dominion to have a kindred spirit in the
NRC, which at all costs helps nuclear licensees to avoid shutdowns.
Shutdowns make the industry look bad. They drive down the performance
stats and they cost the utilities money.
In its analysis of the emergency license amendment, the NRC failed
to take into account the fact of Dominion's continuous release
of hot water to the Long Island Sound in a wide thermal plume
within the very area from which Millstone draws in its coolant
water, particularly at twice-daily times of high tide.
Thus, the NRC did not analyze whether, if Dominion put both Unit
2 and Unit 3 in cold shutdown, the temperature of the incoming
coolant would drop to below 75 degrees.
Rather, NRC blithely concluded in its evaluation of the license
amendment: "This emergency situation is caused by environmental
factors beyond the control of DNC [Dominion Nuclear Connecticut,
Inc., Millstone's corporate owner]."
Japan Admits Nuclear Plant Still Poses Dangers The plant
is still in a precarious state 3/29/2012
the Goat Takes Her Farewell Tour to White House 3/11: Mission
Katie the Goat, the celebrated nuclear radiation monitor from
Connecticut, took her Farewell Tour to the White House on March
11, the first anniversary of the Fukushima nuclear meltdowns.
Katie's granddaughter, Dana Blue-Eyes, appealed to the First Family
to adopt her as its official White House monitor for strontium-90.
Come back to this site for a full story of the exciting day!
the Goat Takes Her Farewell Tour to the White House; Will
Appeal to First Family to Adopt Her Granddaughter As a Pet
and as a Radiation Monitor
and Dana Blue Eyes
Dana Blue Eyes
Katie the Goat will take her Farewell Tour to the White House
on Sunday, March 11 at 12 noon, and appeal to the First Family
to adopt her granddaughter, 3-month-old Dana Blue-Eyes, as
a pet and a future radiation monitor.
In a letter delivered to First Lady Michelle Obama and the
First Family on March 8, Katie’s caretaker, Nancy Burton,
co-director of the Mothers Milk Project, asked the First Lady
to help draw attention to the Project’s findings of
radioactive contamination of human, cow and goat milk near
the Indian Point and Millstone Nuclear Power Plants.
“Mothers are unknowingly feeding their children milk
which is contaminated with nuclear materials which are potent
carcinogens,” Burton says. “There are no federal
standards for strontium-90 or strontium-89 in milk, even though
these dangerous radioisotopes are known to mimic calcium in
their chemical properties and find their way into our milk
supply. They are routinely released by nuclear power plants”
“By adopting Dana Blue-Eyes, the First Family will have
a devoted and playful pet who will double as a radiation monitor
when she begins producing milk,” Burton says. “They
will signal to the country their commitment to ensuring the
purity and safety of the food we provide to our children.”
Strontium-90 and strontium-89 disperse in the air after their
release from nuclear power plants and fall to earth during
weather events. Cows, goats and humans can ingest them through
breathing, drinking water and eating vegetation.
Read the Letter to First Lady Michelle Obama and the First
Family here:March 8, 2012:
Honorable First Lady Michelle Obama and the First Family
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue
Dear First Lady Obama and the First Family,
As Co-Director of the Mothers Milk Project, I applaud First
Lady Obama for her outstanding work and commitment to improving
the nutritional health of our nation’s children. Her
legacy will be lasting.
In 2008, I co-founded the Mothers Milk Project to call attention
to an issue which also has profound nutritional and health
implications for our nation’s children – and indeed
all Americans. That is the presence of radioactivity in our
The Mothers Milk Project has sampled milk from lactating mothers
– humans, cows and goats included – in the area
surrounding the Indian Point Nuclear Power Station in Buchanan,
The results, presented by an independent, certified laboratory,
show the presence of strontium-90 and strontium-89, manmade
radioisotopes released in nuclear fission. Both radionuclides
are potent bone-seeking carcinogens medically associated with
bone cancer, leukemia and soft tissue cancers.
Children are most vulnerable to the health effects of ingesting
radioactive strontium because their teeth and bones are growing
at an accelerated rate.
Epidemiological studies have found elevated cancer rates among
children with strontium-90 in their discarded baby teeth,
in contrast with those without strontium-90 in their teeth,
in the vicinity of Indian Point.
Goat milk is considered the best and most sensitive indicator
of airborne radiation releases, even superior to onsite mechanical
radiation detectors at nuclear power plants. In fact, the
owner of the Millstone Nuclear Power Station disabled its
onsite strontium-90 detectors in 2001, citing the superiority
of goat milk as an environmental indicator.
To help call attention to this serious issue, we ask you to
accept our gift of a 3-month-old baby goat named Dana Blue-Eyes
to be your pet and to serve as a radiation monitor at the
White House grounds. She is not quite old enough to have babies
and produce milk, but she will give the First Family great
pleasure as you watch her grow up. (We are reminded of the
fact that President Abraham Lincoln accepted a gift of Nanko
and Nanny, kid goats, while he and his family of young boys
were White House residents, and the family grew devoted to
Dana Blue-Eyes is the granddaughter of Katie the Goat, who
lived five miles from Millstone in 2000-2003. Millstone’s
owner, Dominion, collected her milk every month for sampling
and reported excessively high levels of strontium-90 in her
Katie presently resides with me in Redding, Connecticut, 25
miles downwind of the Indian Point Nuclear Power Station.
She was recently diagnosed at Tufts Veterinary Hospital in
Massachusetts with terminal cancer presented in a visible
shoulder protrusion and a large tumor buried in her chest.
The soft-tissue cancer is medically associated with radiation
exposure, according to the Environmental Protection Agency,
which cites strontium-90 exposure as a risk factor in bone
cancer, leukemia and soft-tissue cancer. http://epa.gov/rpdweb00/radionuclides/strontium.html.
Still, Katie continues her public service as a radiation monitor
even in her illness.
Last March 25 and April 26, days after nuclear reactors exploded
at Fukushima, one after another, unleashing vast amounts of
radiation to the air and the sea, Katie’s milk showed
spikes in radioactivity. In fact, her milk concentrations
of strontium-89 were the highest ever seen during Katie’s
12-year career as a radiation monitor (4 and 5.49 picocuries/liter,
The nuclear power plant closest upwind to the White House
- Calvert Cliffs in Lusby, MD, 50 miles away – does
not monitor milk for radioactivity. There are no federal standards
for strontium-90 or strontium-89 levels in milk.
This Sunday, March 11, at 12 noon, we will appear at 1600
Pennsylvania Avenue with Katie and Dana Blue-Eyes on hand.
May we hope that you will accept our (and Katie’s) generous
offer to install Dana Blue-Eyes at the White House as its
personal radiation monitor?
Please do contact us at your earliest opportunity. Thank you.
the Goat, Millstone Radiation Whistleblower, Stricken by Nuclear Fallout
‘Farewell Tour’ to Alert Public to Deadly Hazards of Nuclear
Katie the Goat, whose
milk contained excessive levels of radioactive strontium-90 when she
lived five miles from the Millstone Nuclear Power Station from 2000
and 2003, has been diagnosed with untreatable terminal cancer medically
linked to radiation exposure.
Connecticut’s well-known radiation monitor and nuclear whistleblower
has been fatally stricken with nuclear fallout.
“Katie’s message is for the whole world to hear: that
radiation from nuclear power plants is deadly,” said Nancy Burton,
director of the Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone (www.MothballMillstone.org)
and Katie’s caretaker.
Katie’s dire diagnosis provides unprecedented proof linking
exposure to Millstone and Indian Point radioactive emissions with
deadly cancer. Even during routine operation, nuclear power plants
are designed to vent radiation into the air. They are dispersed by
wind and weather conditions. They can be ingested by a goat –
or a human – through breathing, drinking water and eating vegetation,
including garden produce.
“In Connecticut, nature’s purest and best nutrient - mother’s
milk – can harbor insidious poisons from Millstone and Indian
Point and we are being lied to by those who produce and profit from
these deadly nuclear byproducts,” she said.
“The implications for child welfare and public health are enormous,”
Burton said. “We are all at risk.”
Katie was adopted by the Coalition when it discovered her high strontium-90
milk levels in little-noticed reports filed with the state and federal
governments and, appearing at numerous rallies and events across the
state, Katie made headlines and became a “poster goat”
alerting mothers and others to the hazards of nuclear power.
She appeared with Ralph Nader and on public-access television. She
appeared at a rally at Millstone to support Sham Mehta, the Millstone
whistleblower fired by Dominion after he reported to the NRC that
Dominion was routinely deliberately disabling its perimeter security
Most famously, Katie appeared at the State Capitol in June 2006 with
her baby kids, Cindy-Lu and Joe-Joe, for a press conference and with
hopes to meet with then-Governor M. Jodie Rell to share the laboratory
results of her contaminated milk. Health physicist Dr. Ernest Sternglass
appeared alongside Katie to explain that the excessive levels of strontium-90
found in her milk – higher, he said, than in milk produced during
the peak of atmospheric nuclear weapons testing in the 1960s –
derived from Millstone releases and appeared to represent an exceedence
of federal radiation standards. The Governor declined to meet with
Katie returned to the State Capitol today for a press conference to
inaugurate her ‘Farewell Tour’ and to present a letter
to Governor Dannel Malloy sharing laboratory results analyzing her
milk, both when she lived at 120 Dayton Road in Waterford and, since
2008, when she has resided in Redding, Connecticut. Redding is located
approximately 25 miles downwind of the Indian Point Nuclear Power
Katie’s results show high levels of strontium-90 as well as
the presence of strontium-89 at both locations. Both radioisotopes
are manmade byproducts of nuclear fission and both are potent carcinogens.
In their chemical composition, they mimic calcium and, once ingested
from the air, water or food, they concentrate in the bones and teeth,
causing bone cancer, leukemia and soft-tissue cancer. Katie has
been diagnosed with a soft-tissue sarcoma in her shoulder above her
foreleg by the Tufts Veterinary Hospital in Massachusetts.
Strontium-90 has a half-life of 30 years, meaning that it loses half
its radioactivity after 30 years. Strontium-89 has a half-life of
only 50 days. If it can be detected, it means it was freshly produced,
probably not far away. Of the two, strontium-89 is the more significant
indicator that a nearby nuclear power plant is responsible for the
presence of the carcinogen.
Katie was joined at the press conference by her now grown-up daughter,
Cindy-Lu, and granddaughter Dana Blue-Eyes.
Since she first gave birth in Redding in 2008, Cindy-Lu’s milk
has also tested positively for strontium-90 and strontium-89. The
goats’ caretaker, Nancy Burton, is also co-director of the Mothers
Milk Project (www.MothersMilkProject.org), which collects milk samples
from cows, goats and humans living near Indian Point and sends the
samples to a certified private laboratory for analysis.
When Katie lived near Millstone in Waterford, agents of Dominion Nuclear
Connecticut, Inc. collected her milk and tested it every three months.
The long lag time enabled what strontium-89 might have been present
to decay to undetectable levels. Nevertheless, some samples showed
the presence of strontium-89.
In reports it filed with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Dominion
Nuclear Connecticut, Inc., Millstone’s owner, reported the following
levels of strontium-90 and strontium-89 (all in picocuries/liter)
at 120 Dayton Road in Waterford (“Location 22”):
June 28: Sr-90 11.0
September 26: Sr-89 2.2, Sr-90 44.4
June 29: Sr-89 2.5, Sr-90 13.2
September 19: Sr-89 3.2, Sr-90 55.5
June 24: Sr-90 9.2
August 19: Sr-89 6, Sr-90 14.5
By way of comparison, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency last
issued a report in 1993 of levels of strontium-90 in milk sold commercially
in 37 U.S. cities. The highest level reported was 2.8 picocuries/liter
in Little Rock AK, with 12 of the samples less than one.
Dominion also reported that Katie’s milk contained concentrations
of other radioisotopes, including Iodine-131, Cesium-134, Cesium-137
In its 2001 annual report, Dominion stated that its own monitoring
of strontium-90 and strontium-89 in air particulate filters at the
Millstone radiation stack was inferior to testing milk samples for
these radioisotopes in the environment.
Dominion acknowledges that “Over the many years of station operation,
Sr-89 has often been released in comparable quantity to Sr-90,”
yet the Virginia-based company has consistently denied that Millstone
was responsible for the radioactivity in Katie’s milk.
The operators of the Indian Point Nuclear Power Station never sampled
goat milk and limited their testing to one dairy farm located five
miles northeast of the facility. Sampling of milk at that location
by New York State between 1982 and 1992 found levels of strontium-90
in cow’s milk to generally be in the 1-3 picocurie/liter range,
with a spike of 14 in 1983 and another spike in 1991 of 7.25. When
the dairy farm closed in 1992, Indian Point discontinued milk sampling.
Customarily, the plant’s owners report annually to the NRC,
as they did in their 2010 report, that its operations “did not
result in exposure to the public greater than background levels.”
In other words, the plant’s routine radiation releases to the
air stopped at the plant’s perimeter and did not disperse into
Nevertheless, both Katie and Cindy-Lu – and other participants
in the Mothers Milk Project – have been producing milk with
significant detectable levels of both strontium-90 and strontium-89
during their residency in Redding.
Among the highlights of their milk sampling are these results:
June 29, 2008 Cindy-Lu Sr-90 3.5
June 30, 2008 Cindy-Lu Sr-90 1.8
July 11, 2008 Cindy-Lu Sr-89 3.7, Sr-90 3.4
July 16, 2008 Cindy-Lu Sr-90 2.3
July 19, 2008 Cindy-Lu Sr-90 5.1
July 24, 2008 Katie Sr-90 1.0
August 28, 2008 Katie Sr-89 3.8, Sr-90 2.1
June 5, 2010 Katie Sr-89 1.1
March 8, 2011: Katie Sr-89 2., Sr-90, 1.1
May 13, 2011: Katie Sr-89 2.03 March 25, 2011 Katie Sr-89 .4 , Sr-90
April 26, 2011 Katie Sr-89 5.49
May 13, 2011: Cindy-Lu Sr-89 5.74, Sr-90 1.75
Katie and her caretaker planned to present these results to Governor
Malloy and to ask him to meet with them for a full discussion of the
Neither the State of Connecticut nor the federal government independently
monitors milk produced in the state.
Katie and Cindy-Lu – and other goats at two locations near Millstone
– carry out this public service.
There is one and only one way to eliminate the risk of contaminating
mother’s milk with nuclear radisotopes and that is to achieve
a nuclear-free world, Burton said.
The first best step is to close the Millstone and Indian Point reactors.
“We need only look to Japan, which has functioned without blackouts
since Fukushima one year ago, even though it has shut all but two
of its 58 nuclear power plants,” Burton said.
“The best energy generation is energy conservation,” she
said. “The Japanese have learned to conserve and do with less
and so can we. The health of all biological species depends on it.”
- 30 -
 “Internal exposure to strontium-90 is linked to bone cancer,
cancer of the soft tissue near the bone and leukemia. Risk of cancer
increases with increased exposure to strontium-90. The risk depends
on the concentration of strontium-90 in the environment and on the
exposure conditions.” http://epa.gov/rpdweb00/radionuclides/strontium.html
 http://www.epa.gov/narel/radnet/erd75.pdf (page 31)
 “The most sensitive indicator of fission product existence
in the terrestrial environment is usually milk samples. Goat milk
samples can be a more sensitive indicator of fission products in the
terrestrial environment than cow milk samples. . . . The fact that
milk samples are a much more sensitive indicator of fission product
existence in the environment prompted [Dominion’s decision in
2001 to discontinue the use of air particulate filters to monitor
strontium-90 and strontium-89 releases].” Millstone 2001 Annual
Radiological Environmental Operating Report, ADAMS Accession Number
ML021300024, pages 4-5 – 4-6.
 See, e.g., Millstone 2001 Annual Radiological Environmental Operating
Report at pages 4-6 – 4-7, 6-1 – 6-3.
REACTORWATCH - To read the petition and for information
in depth go to:
Mischief in the Air
Dominion is developing plans to burn new uranium fuel assemblies
- supplied by French-owned Areva – at Millstone Unit
That’s what they told the NRC at a little-noticed meeting
on February 15, 2012.
Publicly available details are sketchy, but it appears that
the Areva CE14X14 HTP fuel assemblies, with their greater
pellet density and “higher uranium loading,” will
generate higher levels of radioactivity, including nuclear
fission wasteproducts such as plutonium. And a higher heat
That translates to more heat being released in the thermal
plume exiting to the Long Island Sound, and higher airborne
doses to the unsuspecting public living in the shadow of Millstone.
Dominion should not act as though this is a done deal. Their
business plan assumes NRC approval in 2012, fuel reshuffling
within the Unit 2 spent fuel pool in spring 2012 and receipt
of the new fuel assembles in summer 2012.
A Union of Concerned Scientists expose published in 2008 found
the NRC had allowed dozens of Areva uranium fuel assembles
at U.S. nuclear power plants despite a serious common flaw:
the fuel assemblies grew abnormally long once in the reactor,
potentially deforming and damaging the fuel.
Coalition Against Millstone Joins
National Petition to Expand Nuclear Evacuation Zones
The Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone joined 37 national
clean-energy groups in petitioning the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory
Commission for rulemaking on February 15, 2012 to adopt new
rules to expand emergency evacuation zones and improve emergency
response planning around U.S. nuclear reactors.
“It’s past time to plan realistically for the
aftermath of a major nuclear disaster at Millstone,”
said Nancy Burton, CCAM director. “In a real nuclear
emergency, we need to be prepared to protect all within the
50-mile zone of danger, and that means Hartford, New Haven,
Providence, and the eastern end of Long Island.”
The formal legal petition calls on the NRC to incorporate
the real-world lessons of the Fukushima nuclear disaster by
expanding current 10-mile evacuation zones to 25 miles around
The expanded emergency evacuation zone would bring the eastern
end of Long Island, with its heavy seasonal population, into
mandatory planning and drills and it would extend into the
state of Rhode Island.
The petition also calls on the federal regulator to establish
a new zone of up to 50 miles around each reactor site in which
nuclear licensees would have to identify and publicize potential
The 50-mile zone would stretch to include Providence RI, Hartford,
New Haven, New Britain and Waterbury in Connecticut and both
North and South Forks of eastern Long Island.
The Nuclear Information and Resource Service (NIRS) is lead
In addition, the petition would expand the “ingestion
pathway zone,” which monitors food, milk and water,
from 50 miles to 100 miles around reactors.
Finally, utilities and state and local governments would be
required to practice emergency drills hat include a natural
disaster that either initiates or occurs concurrently with
a nuclear meltdown. Currently, utilities need not demonstrate
the capability to conduct an evacuation during a natural disaster
even though - as happened at Fukushima – natural disasters
can lead to nuclear meltdowns.
Shortly after the Fukushima nuclear disaster began to unfold
on March 11, 2011, the U.S. Government directed U.S. citizens
to evacuate beyond a 50-mile radius of the site where three
of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plants suffered meltdowns.
Prior to the disaster, Japan had established evacuation zones
extending for 6 miles beyond nuclear reactor sites. The zone
is now being expanded to 18 miles, although thousands of people
were evacuated more than 25 miles away.
Months On (June 11): The Fukushima Cover-Up Continues
Council Votes to Phase Out Nukes 08 June 2011
Switzerland's National Council has voted in support of the phase
out of nuclear energy in the country following a decision by the
Swiss cabinet not to replace its existing nuclear plants. 101
members of the 200-seat lower house of the Swiss parliament voted
in favour of phasing out nuclear energy by 2034, with 54 against.
The proposal must also be approved by the upper house, the 46-member
Council of States. Switzerland currently relies on five nuclear
plants to gen erate 40% of its electricity, and up until the accident
at Japan's Fukushima Daiichi plant triggered by the 11 March earthquake
and tsunami had been planning to replace its reactors with new
units as they reached the end of their operating lives.
Unit 2 Power Spike: Did We Almost Lose Connecticut?
Dominion Demonstrates It Is Unqualified to Operate a Nuclear Power
Silent About Plutonium Contamination of Japanese Rice
crisis center kept in dark over data on radiation dispersal
2 Lost Operability of Its 2 Diesel Generators on October 7, 2009
Read the full expose: "Fukushima
Fallout: Regulatory Loopholes at U.S. Nuclear Plants" by
Congressman Ed Markey
Inspectors: Millstone Vulnerabilities to Fires,
Flooding, Seismic Events
parents dish the dirt in protest over radiation levels
Furious Fukushima parents dump school playground earth that may
have radiation levels well above the old safety level
Parents in Fukushima are angry over rule changes which mean that
school children can be exposed to 20 times more radiation than was
Haddam CT - Site of Thousands of Tons of Spent Nuclear Fuel Rods
An earthquake measuring
1.3 on the Richter Scale occurred on March 23 in Haddam, Connecticut,
where thousands of tons of high-level radioactive waste is "temporarily"
stored in above-ground upright casks.
Custodians of the casks containing the waste generated by the Connecticut
Yankee Nuclear Power Plant were unaware of the earthquake until
they were notifed by the state's department of emergency mnagement
in Hartford, according to an email discovered by the Connecticut
Coalition Against Millstone on April 28.
The state's department of emergency management notified the state
Department of Environmental Protection's Edward Wilds of its concerns
about the spent nuclear fuel.
"There are no issues with the spent nuclear fuel," Wilds,
who is not a seismologist, wrote in an email on March 24.
The Coalition is demanding an investigation by the State of Connecticut,
the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the U.S. Departtment
rain causes 130 schools in Korea to close —
Yet rain in California had 10 TIMES more radioactivity
Citizens arm themselves with umbrellas, raincoats, boots, Korea
Times, April 7, 2011:
… The Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS) said radioactive
iodine and cesium were found in rainwater collected in the early
morning at a checkpoint on the island. The concentration level of
iodine-131 was 2.02 becquerels per liter (Bq/l), that of cesium-137,
0.538 Bq/l, and that of cesium-134, 0.333 Bq/l. …
Following the news that minuscule radioactive substances were detected
on Jeju, people in all parts of the country carried umbrellas to
work or school even though the rainfall was light.
Parents h ad their children not only use umbrellas but also wear
raincoats, rubber boots and even masks. Some of them gave their
children a ride to school, with streets near schools congested.
In Gyeonggi Province, about 130 pre-, elementary and middle schools
were closed after the regional educational office allowed school
heads to close them if they deemed it necessary. More than 40 others
shortened school hours. …
Read the report here.
UCB Rain Water Sampling Results, University of California, Berkeley,
Department of Nuclear Engineering:
Iodine-131 level in rainwater sample taken on the roof of Etcheverry
Hall on UC Berkeley campus, March 23, 2011 from 9:06-18:00 PDT
20.1 Becquerel per liter (Bq/L)
Read the report here: Radioactive Iodine-131 in rainwater sample
near San Francisco 18,100% above federal drinking water standardRead
“Yellow rain” around Tokyo caused by pollen officials
say – Rain may have contained radioactivity
“Yellow rain” recently reported in Tokyo also happened
after Chernobyl — Government assured residents it was pollen
Rain stimulating “reagents” used during Chernobyl to
protect Moscow from fallout — Expert recommends same over
Pacific for Fukushima
NY Times contributor confirms California rainwater 181 times above
drinking water standards for radioactive iodine-131
Radioactive Iodine-131 in rainwater sampl e near San Francisco 18,100%
above federal drinking water standard.